Ephesus,this ancient Greek city is to Turkey what the pyramids are to Egypt or the Colosseum to Rome. The ancient city ruins of Ephesus are probably the most well-known, attracting thousands of visitors every day.Ephesus is one of the largest Roman archaeological sites in the eastern Mediterranean.
Location – Sitting on the Aegean coast of Turkey, near to the towns of Kusadasi and Selcuk.
Highlights of Ephesus
Statue of the Nike Goddess
The statue is not a large size but kind of a novelty for those of us who grew up thinking Nike was just a brand of sport shoe! Turns out she was the winged goddess of victory!
To see Marble street from this view, go to the exit of the Roman Terraced houses. The street leads to the grand theatre and was also the main path for ceremonial and religious purposes.
The Odeon was a small, wooden roofed theatre that was used for concerts, plays and Senate meetings. Much smaller than the Ephesus’ other theatre, capacity of the Odeon was only 1,500 spectators.Odeon was used by the wealthy and political citizens to discuss the future of the city.
Temple of Hadrianus
Constructed in roughly 138AD, the murals on this temple tell the story of Ephesus including how it was founded after Androklos, son of the Athenian king Kadros, received a message from the oracle of Delphi.
Library of Celsius
It held 12,000 scrolls and was one of the largest collections of literature in the ancient world. The Celsius Library in Ephesus was the third largest library in the ancient world after Alexandria, Egypt and Pergamon, Turkey. It was given as a present to Cleopatra from Marc Anthony.
Grand Theatre of Ephesus
Where gladiators fought and died and social functions were the highlight of living in Ephesus. Estimations are that it could seat 24,000 people, which is roughly half the amount of today’s modern football stadiums. This seems unbelievable since Roman citizens didn’t have the modern technology that we do but if you look down on the theatre from the top steps, the size becomes more prominent to the human eye.
Roman Terrace Houses
Six houses with marvelously intact ancient mosaics. Most of the houses were constructed in the 1st century by extremely rich citizens. Such was their wealth, they could afford luxuries such as underfloor heating, clean water, and lavatories, inventions which at that time, were not available to the mass public.
The Temple of Artemis
One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, once stood 418′ by 239′ with over 100 marble pillars each 56′ high.the magnificent structure took 120 years to build but is now represented only by one inconspicuous column.
These were the city’s public toilets. You had to pay an entrance fee to use them. The toilets line the walls around a pool in the centre of the room. There was a drainage system under the toilets. As you can see, there was definitely no privacy!
Cats of Ephesus Ancient City
It would be easy to assume that Ephesus has no citizens but it does have Cats strolling about everywhere like Kings and Queens.What remains of the city are some rather well preserved ruins that highlight the past grandeur of Ephesus. There is still a lot of excavating going on and what we were currently witnessing is only a third of the original city and a great deal of excavation is still in progress. So as time goes on more of this fabulous city of the ancients will be unraveled. But while walking through its many lanes and by-lanes one can almost visualize what life would have been like here. We could not help but think that almost 2000 years ago the early apostles actually walked and spoke on these very streets that we were now walking on.